MONUMENTS IN VIZIANAGARAM

 

 

Monument No: 1

Monument Name: (DURGA BHAIRAVAKONDA) HAVING AN ANCIENT MONUMENT CALLED DURGA

Location: Nilavati

Brief History:
The mound consists of Buddhist stupa, chaitya, votive stupas, brick pavements and steps. The deity known as 'Durga-Bhairava ' is of a late period and might have been placed in the chaitya by the worshippers - it has nothing to do with the ancient remains of the place. It belongs to 2nd - 3rd century AD.

Monument No: 2

Monument Name: RUINED BUDDHIST MONASTERY AT GURUBHAKTULAKONDA

Location: Ramatirthalu (Ramatirtham)

Brief History:
It is named from an image of Durga Goddess which stands in a natural cave at its western base. In front of this cave and on the rock above it are some mounds which contained Buddhist remains like Gurubhakta Konda in the vicinity. The remains consists of four great natural caves which extend for a length of 340 feet with an extensive platform [565 feet in length] flanked by massive masonry walls. The caves were partitioned into shrines and one of the walls bear a rock cut inscription. Traces of rows of cells for monks on the platform is evident. On the summit of the rock over the western caves were two brick mounds. Which on excavation proved to be the base of stupa 30, feet in diameter and the lower part of a chaitya over 60 feet in length by 13 feet in breadth with walls of great thickness. Some of the loose sculptures of this site are kept at the sculpture shed at Salihundam.

Monument No: 3

Monument Name: THE OLD, DIBBESVARASVAMIVARI TEMPLE

Location: Sarapalli (Sarapalle)

Brief History:
This small temple, facing east, is a Rekha deul and has on plan a square garbha-griha which houses in it a small linga on a circular pitha and a mutilated sculpture of Bhairava(?). The doorjambs flanking the entrance have two sakas and the lintel is depicted with Gajalakshmi flanked by small seated deities. The adhistana has upana, jagati, tripatta kumuda and recessed pattika mouldings. The bhitti on each side i.e., south, west and north sides, houses three niches of which central one is bigger. Some of these niches are accommodated with the mutilated sculptures of Ganesa, Kartikeya, Mahisasuramardini and forms of Siva like Ekapadamurti and Harihara. The superstructure over garbha-griha is Rekha nagara prasada (curvilinear sikhara) with a central projection on each side and is rising in five tiers. The griva, stupi (amalaka) and kalasa of the superstructure are missing. On central projections of the vimana are seen the figures of Nataraja and nasikas. On stylistic grounds it may be datable to circa 10-11th century AD. There is a sculpture of Nandi in pieces in front of the shrine.