MONUMENTS IN KURNOOL
Monument No: 1
Monument Name:RUINED FORT AND BUILDINGS THEREIN EXCEPT
The fort probably constructed during the days of Vijayanagara Kings to whom this place belonged. Inscriptions mentioning the construction of some Hindu temples about 15th - 16th century A.D by Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagara exist. The three entrances are of subsequent origin most probably constructed during the days of Mahammadan Occupation under Siddhi Masaud Khan, and these are sarcenic in design, the domes are built of large granite stones paced vertically and held together by strong mortar.
Monument Name:INSCRIBED BOULDER BEARING ANDHRA RECORDS OF 150 AD
SIDHAM RANO SATAVAHANANAM SIRI-PULUMAVISA SAVA 8 HEMA 1 DIVA 1 MA [SA] MAHASENAPATISA KHAMDA[NA] KASA JA[NI] PADE SATAVAGHANI-HARE [GU] MIKASA KUMARADATSA GAME VAIPURAKI VA THAVENA GAHAPATIKENA ATANAM SEBONAM 4......TATTAKAM KHANITAM.
Success ! (In) the eighth year of Siri-Pulumavi, King of the Satavahanas, in the first (month of) Winter, on the first day, (this) tank was dug by the house holder (gahapatika), a resident of Vaipuraka of the village of (i.e., belonging to ) the Captain (gumika) Kumaradata ( and situated) in the country (janipada) Satavaghani-hara of (i.e., belonging to ) the great general (Mahasenapati) Khamdanaka, (for)….. Of himself (and)[all?] living creatures.
It is written in Prakrit language records the digging of a tank by a house holder (gahapatika) of the village Vai[p]ra, datable to 150 AD.
Monument No: 3
Monument Name:A PROMINENT GRANITE HILLOCK BEARING ASOKA INSCRIPTIONS
The great Mauryan Emperor Asoka issued the Rock Edicts at this place during 3rd century BC. It contains two minor rock edicts and a set of fourteen rock edicts. The rock edicts were inscribed in Brahmi script and Prakrit language. The inscriptions refers as about the Dharma, as given below.
"Thus saith the beloved of the gods. You should act as instructed by the beloved of the gods. You should order the Rajjukas, and the Rajjukas in their turn should order the people of the countryside as well as the local officers called Rashtrika is the following words. "Mother, father and elders are to be loved, living being should be treated with kindness truth must be spoken".
Monument No: 4
Monument Name: MAUSOLEUM KNOWN AS ABDUL WAHAB KHAN'S TOMB AND ADJOINING BUILDINGS
Abdul Wahab Khan was the first Bijapur Governor at Kurnool. His remains were buried under this imposing structure which is ideally situated on the banks of Handri river, and was built in Hijiri 1028 (AD 1618). This beautiful edifice consists of two domes, three verandhas on three sides, and a number of five arches as well as parapet walls whose workmanship is much admired.
Monument No: 5
Monument Name: GATEWAYS AND BASTIONS OF THE OLD FORT,
1. BEACH GHANTKI BURUZU
2. BASTION NO.
(2 )LAL BUNGALOW BURUZU
(3) GATEWAY TO GOPALA DARWAJA
(4) GATEWAY PANIKIDDI
One of the gateways of Kurnool said to have been built during 17th century AD by Gopal Raja the grandson of Ramaraja (raya?) of Talikota Vijayanagara kings. He was defeated by Abdul Wahab Khan an Abbyssinian by birth. He ruled for 16 years and died in 1618 AD. The structure is datable to 17th century AD.
Gateways and bastions of the old fort, Kurnool :
i)Bastion No-I Beech Guantaki Buruzu(Konda Reddy Buruzu) :
Kurnool town was seized by Deva Raya II (1423 - 42). Achyuta Raya who succeeded Krishna Deva Raya had constructed a fort at that place. But the present Bastion is all that remains is locally known as Konda Reddy Buruzu built of huge blocks of dressed stone. It is datable to Vijayanagara times (1530 - 42).
ii) Gateway Gopal Darwaza :
During the Vijayanagara times Gopala Raju was a local Chief of Kurnool. Kurnool town was invaded by Abdul Wahab Khan and he took possession of it. During the fight Gopal Raju was forced to flee for his life, and he escaped through this gate way, which was named as Gopal Darwaza. The structure is belong to Vijayanagara times.
iii) Gateway Pani-ki-diddi :
One of the gateways of Kurnool said to have been built during 17th Century A.D. by Gopal Raju, the grandson of Ramaraja (raya ?) of Talikota Vijayanagara Kings. He was defeated by Abdul wahab khan, an Abbyssinian by birth. He ruled for 16 years and died in 1618 A.D. The structure is datable to 17th Century A.D.
Monument No: 6
Monument Name: NANDAVARAM TEMPLE INCLUDING THE SCULPTURE OF SUBRAHMANYA
This beautiful temple built of large dressed granite stones. The decorative motifs on the pillars, and the sculptured panels, especially the panels containing the Lord Subramanya with his consort Devasena are highly interesting.
Monument Name: THE ASOKAN INSCRIPTION, TWO EARLY CHALUKYAN INSCRIPTION AND ONE LATE CHALUKYAN INSCRIPTION
Location: Rajulamandagiri(Hamlet of Jutur)
TWO EARLY CHALUKYAN INSCRIPTION:
They are lable inscriptions written in Kannada language and script read:
(1) Udara-bhatandu in Chalukyan characters of the 7th or 8th century A.D. and
(2) Savsti Sa [ro?] Chalukya Vevasigal in characters of the 10th century AD.
ONE LATE CHALUKYAN INSCRIPTION:
This incomplete record written in Kannada language and script is dated in Saka 993, Virodhikrit, Asvayuja su 1 Monday, Sankranti = 1071 A.D. , September 26, Monday. It refers to Mahamandalesvara Appacharasa, younger brother of Mangarasa, who is described as Chalukyabhupa. It registers the gift of ten mattar of land, one mattar of wet land, one mattar of house-site to the east of the tirtha at Mandagiri and to the east of the hill on the way to Naravadi - 500, to Kannadavergade Duggana-dvedi-bhatta, son of Attiyana-Somayaji-bhatta of Bharadvaja-gotra.
ONE ASOKAN INSCRIPTION:
The great Mauryan Emperor Asoka issued it during 3rd century BC. When he was on tour for 256 days. It was inscribed in Brahmi script and in a prakrit language. Here Asoka himself addressing the people about the Dharma is as given below. "For the last two and half years I was the follower of Buddha, but not energetic to practice or propagate the Dharma. Now more than a year I intimately associated with the Sangha. Those men who were unmingled have now mingled with the gods. Which is the result of exertion in the cause of Dharma. It can be attainable not only by rich man but also poor who is energetic, can obtain the great heaven. It is for this purpose that the proclamation was made. And also wish people beyond his empire should also know this Dharma. The king here addresses his executive officers Mahamatras to order Rajjukas and inturn Rastrikas in the matter who were perhaps rulers of the district and their sub-divisions respectively. One should be obedient to one's parents and elders kind to the living beings, speak truth and profound these attributes of Dharma. Addressed to the teachers that they should guide their pupils in the path of Dharma.
Monument No: 8
Monument Name: INSCRIBED STONE LYING TO THE EAST OF SIVA TEMPLE
This is inscribed in Telugu language and script and records the combined gift of the village Mogapalempalli with all the incomes to certain Vira Siddhana of Rachavidu for lighting perpetual lamps numbering 160 to the God Viresvara of Rachavidu by the officers of Venkatadri Nayudu. It mentions the conquest of Chola mandalam by Pratapa Raya Deva Maharaja.
Monument No: 9
Monument Name: OLD CAVE TEMPLE
There are three big caverns to the north of the Umamahesvara temple and separated from it by a deep ravine of perennial flowing water. Of these three caverns the central one is the biggest and it enshrines an image of Sri. Venkatesvara. A little smaller than this but at a much higher level is the cave to its west, where there is a Siva Linga. These two caves are approached by a long flight of steps put up in later times. Even the flooring of the natural caverns have been paved with stone. The surface dimensions of these two caverns are large, in varying portions of 60 by 30 and 15 by 12. The third cave lying to the east, locally called Sankara Guha, is very small. It has a mandapa in front and two or three porticos resting on pillars.
Monument No: 10
Monument Name:UMA-MAHESVARASWAMI TEMPLE
The main shrine consists of the sanctum, enshrining the image of Siva, facing East, with a porch or pillared mukhamandapa, and small attendant shrines for Veerabhadra and Bhairava, all within a high walled enclosure. The main gopura or the main entrance is in the usual Vijayanagara style. The most interesting part of the temple is the small stone built tank with a small pavilion in the center and an enclosed mandapa all around for utsavas. The inscriptional evidence in the temple dates back to 14th to 15th centuries AD.